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Tinnitus

Din faste ledsager

Lad os begynde med at definere tinnitus: "opfattelsen af lyd ved fravær af ekstern lyd". Hvad det grundlæggende betyder er, at lyde, som eksempelvis en hyletone i ørerne eller en summetone, kun kan høres af den berørte person.

Det anslås af 10-15 % af befolkningen har tinnitus, men mange tilfælde bliver ikke behandlet. Det skyldes manglende information, og at de fleste mennesker ikke ved, hvem der forstår og kan hjælpe dem. Nogle tilfælde er mindre alvorlige, mens andre kræver mere specifik behandling for at håndtere effekten på lang sigt. Problemerne kan variere fra søvnforstyrrelser og problemer med at holde fokus til stress eller social isolation.

What is tinnitus?

Let’s start by defining tinnitus — ‘the perception of sound in the absence of external sound’.1 This basically means that sounds, like ringing in the ears, whistling or buzzing, can only be heard by the person affected.

An estimated 10-15% of a population has tinnitus2 but many cases go untreated. This is due to a lack of information and the fact that most people are unaware of who will understand and assist them. While some cases are minor, some require more specific treatment to overcome possible long-term effects. These may vary from sleep disorders and trouble focusing to stress or becoming socially reclusive.3

Tinnitus Symptoms

Tinnitus is often described as a ringing sound in the ears, but it can also come across as a buzzing, humming or hissing sound or just as general noise in the ears. The sound can be constant or intermittent and it can appear to come from one ear or both.

Types of Tinnitus

Although Tinnitus is usually only heard by the affected person there are rare cases where the sound can be observed externally. This type of Tinnitus is called “objective tinnitus”4 - in contrast to the more common “subjective tinnitus” where only the affected person hears the sounds.

Tinnitus can be further distinguished by characteristics of the perceived sound:

Tonal Tinnitus vs. non-tonal tinnitus

Tonal tinnitus refers to a, more or less, continuous sound with specific frequencies whereas non-tonal tinnitus takes the form of hissing or clicking sounds-

Pulsatile Tinnitus

Tinnitus that pulsates - often in sync with the affected person’s heartbeat.

Musical Tinnitus

Also known as “Musical Ear Syndrome”. A form of tinnitus where the sound takes the form of a constantly looping tune.

Tinnitus causes5

One of the most common causes of tinnitus is damage to the hair cells in the inner ear – either from exposure to noise or age-related. Since these hair cells are responsible for a person's hearing tinnitus often coincides with hearing loss.

Other common causes of tinnitus include:

  • ear infections (e.g. otitis media)
  • inner ear conditions (e.g. Meniere’s disease)     
  • side effects from medicine (e.g. antibiotics)
  • earwax blockage
  • injuries
  • blood vessel disorders

Tinnitus relief

Remedies for tinnitus

While millions of people experience the distress of tinnitus, few are aware of the various methods that can help them manage the tinnitus to reduce the annoyance. Although there is no cure for tinnitus, you’ll be relieved to know that there are various effective forms of counseling and management techniques available.

Sound Therapy

Sound therapy aims to reduce awareness of the tinnitus by providing sounds for the ears that actively mask and/or divert attention away from it. Over time the brain will be retrained to ignore the tinnitus as the lack of attention allows the brain to reclassify it as irrelevant and blend it into the background.

Learn more about Sound Therapy

Hearing aids for Tinnitus

If tinnitus coincides with hearing loss it is often beneficial to improve the general hearing to reduce the awareness of the ringing in your ears. Phonak hearing aids also offer additional support for people with tinnitus by providing sounds that can be used for sound therapy.

Other factors

  • Evaluate your medication: Some drugs can have a negative impact on tinnitus. Talk to your doctor to see if there might be a link between your medication and your tinnitus
  • Reduce intake of alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine: Drinking alcohol or coffee, as well as smoking cigarettes, has been reported to negatively impact tinnitus6
  • Reduce stress: Stress can exacerbate tinnitus.6 Exercise, meditation and other relaxation therapies, as well as adequate amounts of sleep, are possible ways to reduce stress

Tinnitus treatment

The first step is to speak to a tinnitus specialist near you for more in-depth information.

En stor lettelse

Den effektive metode

Millioner af mennesker oplever generne fra tinnitus, men kun få kender til de metoder, de kan bruge til at slippe for den uønskede plage. Der findes ingen kur for tinnitus, men heldigvis findes der forskellige former for rådgivning og behandling med god effekt. Nu hvor du ved dette, så består første skridt i at tale med en tinnitusspecialist for at få flere oplysninger.

Den betydning, tinnitus har i min hverdag, blev reduceret enormt – jeg kan fokusere.

Behandling af tinnitus og øresusen

Princippet bag tinnitusbehandling

Målet med tinnitusbehandling er at hjælpe dig til at fokusere mindre på din tinnitus

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Muligheder for behandling af tinnitus

Det kan du forvente

Her kan du få hjælp, og dette kan du forvente

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